SAT
Abbreviated for "Scholastic Assessment Test", SAT is essentially the university entrance exam for students in the USA. This standardised test has gained its popularity as many other international programmes accept the test in many countries across the globe. Most international programs in Thailand and many other countries accept this standardised test for university admissions.
The SAT consists of 3 parts - Critical Reading, Mathematical Reasoning and Writing Skills.
In the Reading part, there are generally 2 types of questions - sentence completion and reading comprehension. Sentence completion tests knowledge of college-level vocabulary, while reading comprehension tests understanding of short passages and long passages, which can come in either single passages or double passages. There will be 1 task that contains 19 questions, which allows 20 minutes to complete. There will be 2 tasks that contain 24 questions each. Each task will allow 25 minutes to complete. All questions in the reading part are multiple choices, total of 67 questions, with 1 hour and 10 minutes to complete.
In the Maths part, there are 2 types of questions - multiple choice and student-produced responses where students have to 'grid-in' the answers.
There are 3 maths sections in the exam. There are two 25-minute sections, each contain 20 and 18 questions. There is one 20-minute section, which contains 16 questions. Therefore, the total number of questions altogether add up to 54. There are multiple choices as well as 'student-produced responses' (fill in the grid). 44 of the questions will be multiple choice and 10 of them will be student-produced questions. Total time of 1 hour and 10 minutes.
For the Writing part, there are 3 sections - one 25-minute section with 35 multiple choice questions, one 10-minute section with 14 questions and one 25-minute essay.
Format of the test
The Essay writing part will always come first, but parts 2 to 10 (critical reading, maths reasoning, and grammar structure) may vary in order. There will also be a part called the 'experimental part' which could vary from critical reading, maths reasoning or grammar structure. However, this part will not be scored, and the test takers will not be able to distinguish this part from the rest of the test. Therefore, test takers should treat all the parts equally as if they will all be scored.
Here is what a SAT exam might look like:
Part |
Section |
Question |
Time |
---|---|---|---|
1 |
Essay Writing |
1 Essay |
20 mins |
2 |
Maths |
20 questions |
25 mins |
3 |
Reading |
24 questions |
25 mins |
4 |
Grammar |
35 questions |
25 mins |
5 |
Maths |
18 questions |
25 mins |
6 |
Reading |
24 questions |
25 mins |
7 |
Maths |
16 questions |
20 mins |
8 |
Reading |
19 questions |
20 mins |
9 |
Grammar |
14 questions |
10 mins |
The Total score for SAT is 2400 (800 for each section - maths, reading and writing). There is a penalty for each wrong answer (-0.25 point). Most universities consider maths and reading parts to be more crucial than the writing part when weighing the score. These 2 parts are crucial to getting into prestigious universities and applying for scholarships.
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